The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction
Internet is recognized as the best innovative and influential establishment in the human history. The Internet of Things (IoT) represents the upcoming huge step in the Internet with its ability to gather, distribute, analyze and interpret data.
The combination of Internet with RFID technologies, smart objects, sensor technologies, network components and electronics is IoT. IoT has been recognized as the promise of technology today and are well-defined as things belonging to the Internet aiding to the accessibility and supply of all of real-time data. Millions of devices are expected to be connected or networked into the IoT structure which requires massive dissemination of networks as well as the method of converting raw data into meaningful interpretations.
The form of communication that is experienced now is either human-human or human-device, but Internet of Things (IoT) assures a promising type of communication, that is machine-machine (M2M). More influential smart phones, appliances, tablets and the applications that are similarly rich and powerful available for each, will enable buyers and business customers to interact seamlessly with companies altering the business processes. With businesses realizing that great digital experience to customers is no longer nice to have, but it is a make-or-break point for business has led to the integration and wider acceptance of Internet of Things.
This chapter gives an idea of Internet of Things (IoT), the technologies that enable the implementation of IoT, the objectives and the future vision of IoT, the general layered architecture of IoT and the future growth challenges.